16 July 2020

1) Delta Airlines is expecting to spend up to $3.3 billion dollars on buyouts and early retirements in an effort to slash their labor cost. So far, 17,000 employees have signed up to leave the company because there is little in sight for the pandemic’s impact to end soon. The company is prohibited from laying off workers through 30 September under the terms of the $25 billion federal aid package met to support employee payroll. Delta has roughly 91,000 employees so this is a 19% reduction in their work force. The separation packages include cash severance, extended health care benefits and free flights. Other airlines are offering similar packages in an effort to reduce their work force.

2) Heritage Brands, an anchor of outlet malls across American, is closing all of its 162 stores starting next year. PVH Corp, which owns such brand names as Calvin Klein and Tommy Hilfiger, blames the closure on a combination of changing shopping habits of people and the Covid-19 pandemic. This will result in a 12% reduction in jobs or about 450 employees, saving the company $80 million dollars annually. The company had a 43% drop in revenue because of the impact of the coronavirus.

3) There are growing fears of an environmental disaster erupting in the Red Sea on the coast of Yeman. An abandoned oil tanker with 1.1 million barrels of crude oil, is beached on the coast of Yeman, with the potential to explode or rupture causing major environmental and humanitarian damage in the area. UN officials are trying to gain access to the ship to assess the tanker’s condition, conduct any possible urgent repairs and make recommendations for extraction of the oil, but the area is controlled by Houthi rebels. The danger is from sea water entering the ship’s interior causing rust and loss of structural integrity plus the inert gas that prevents the tanks from gathering inflammable gases has leaked out, so there is the threat of an explosion. To start with, an oil spill could result in 126,000 Yemeni fishermen losing their source of income.

4) Stock market closings for – 15 JUL 20:

Dow 26,870.10 up 227.51
Nasdaq 10,550.49 up 61.92
S&P 500 3,226.56 up 29.04

10 Year Yield: up at 0.63%

Oil: up at $41.04

13 January 2020

1) Several name brand products have decided to withdraw from Amazon for direct sales, the latest being Ikea, who started selling through Amazon in 2018. Other brand names such as Nike, Birkenstock and PopSockets are withdrawing too, considering it isn’t worth the hassle. There are growing fears that more big brands will flee the site, although their products can still be purchased through third party sellers on Amazon.

2) A ransom ware attack on foreign currency exchange company Travelex on New Year’s Eve has disrupted cash deliveries from its network of vaults to world banks. Banks in U.K. such as Barclays PLC, Lloyds Banking Group PLC and Westpac Banking Corp. are unable to take orders from customers in branches relying on Travelex services. Travelex was attacked with a ransom ware software virus called Sodinokibi often called Revil that locks up data via encryption.

3) Half the work force doesn’t expect to retire at age 65, while 13% don’t expect to retire at all. The average worker needs to have three quarters of a million dollars saved for retirement in order to maintain their standard of living. People are just not able to accumulate such wealth with conventional 401K plans, requiring significant additional investments by individuals. This is particularly difficult for middle and lower class American workers who are struggling to meet their basic livelihood expenses.

4) Stock market closings for – 10 JAN 20:

Dow            28,823.77    down    133.13
Nasdaq         9,178.86    down      24.56
S&P 500        3,265.35   down          9.35

10 Year Yield:    down   at    1.82%

Oil:    down   at    $59.11

Millenniums and Sunshine: Millenniums Struggle to Find a Place in the Sun in Today’s Economy 


Happy college students studying together on university campus. Horizontal shot.

By: James Lyman BSAE, BSEE, MSSM

Economic & Finance Report

I’m reading Gordon’s new book, “The Rise and Fall of American Growth”, which makes the statement, “The historic decline in infant mortality centered in the six-decade period of 18901

1950 is one of the most important single facts in the history of American economic growth”. In

other words, there were more young people, and that resulted in more economic growth for that

period.  For the twentieth century, the youth of America has been the prime market segment of

growth for our economy which businesses vigorously competed to capture.  That’s new markets … and that’s growth!  Each new generation met expanded markets and created new markets.

Until the turn of the century, that is!

So what HAPPENED!!

So why aren’t the millenniums enjoying the sunshine of prosperity as earlier American

generations did … that my generation certainly did?  Quite simply, my world, the world of

parents and grandparents for millenniums, has slipped away and die.  It’s simply gone … never

to return.  In my recent blog, “The Intersection of Jobs – No Jobs”, I explained how since the start of

the new century, technology is no longer creating

new jobs while at the same time research predicts

that technology will displace as much as 47% of

the present jobs.  Adding to this dilemma is the

millenniums continue to prepare themselves for the

world of their parents/grandparents you know …

the one that no longer exists!  In other words, the

environment has changed, but they haven’t!

The basic premise of Gordon’s book is that the 2

Great Inventions occurred from 1870 to 1940, which was the driving force for the phenomenal

growth of America’s economy in this period.  The technological inventions after 1970 didn’t

have the pervasive impact across American society that the Great Inventions did.  That’s when

growth started to taper off.  But one of the inventions after 1970 was small and powerful

computers, and this growing technology was used in machines that began to replace jobs. Slowly at first, then increasingly faster with the net result of people’s income first stagnating

then declining as people were forced to find new jobs that usually paid less.  Finally, creation of new jobs started a steady decline so by 2000, there was no growth.   Millenniums are coming 3

into the new environment of no job growth coupled with displacement of jobs by technology 4

(principally computers) , and therefore an environment of no growth or opportunity for so many


For years, many American’s have been getting the definite short end of the stick, but nothing

compared to what is in store for the millenniums.  While their parents are established with jobs

and extensive work histories to seek new employment if laid off, the millenniums start at ground

zero with limited and diminishing employment opportunities.  For their parents, a college

education was the ticket to higher incomes and greater financial security, while millenniums now

face a 20% to 25% unemployment or under-employment upon graduation and a future filled with

far more uncertainly than their parents or grandparents.

The bottom line is America’s youth, the millenniums, are getting gypped as no others have in

recent history.  The lives they assumed they would have, the same lives enjoyed by their parents

and grandparents, is slipping through their fingers like water, and all they can do is stand and

watch.  Millenniums got their necks stretched out a foot, across the chopping block, just waiting

for the ax to fall.  No one has as much to lose as the millenniums, and this is apparent by no

mention of this problem by anyone in the sixteen election process.  The Government is doing

absolutely nothing about it, with no indication it will in the future.

For the economy in general, there is shrinking market size as millennium college graduates are

unable to find adequate work.  While the college graduate use to be the major disposable income

group which businesses actively sought, the new markets they represent is now shrinking which

means even less growth for America in the future.

The millenniums are signaling further contraction of the American dream.

  1. “The Rise and Fall of American Growth, The U.S. Standard of Living Since the Civil War”, Robert J. Gordon,Robert University Press, 41 William Street, Princeton, New Jersey, 08540, 2016, p209
  1. The Great inventions encompass electricity, running water, sewers, internal combustion engine, telephone,phonograph, radio, movies and modern medicine.
  1. “Race Against The Machine, How the Digital Revolution is Accelerating Innovation, Driving Productivity, andIrreversibly Transforming Employment and the Economy”, Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee, Digital Frontier Press, Lexington, Massachusetts, 2011.
  1. “The Future of Employment: How Susceptible are Jobs to Computerization?”, Carl Benedikt Frey and Michael
  1. Osborne, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom, September 17, 2013