1) The managing director Kristalina Georgieva of the IMF (International Monetary Fund) says the Fund is likely to revise downward its forecast of a 3% contraction of the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) for 2020. In turn, this will most likely cause a revision of the IMF’s forecast for a partial recovery of 5.8% in 2021. This means a longer time for a full economic recovery from the virus crisis. The IMF had forecasted that the business closures to slow the virus would throw the world into the deepest recession since the 1930’s Great Depression.
2) Gold markets have risen to their highest in more than seven years, a result of the Federal Reserve saying stocks and asset prices could suffer a significant decline as a result of the coronavirus crisis. The economic recovery could go to the end of 2021, depending on the arrival of an effective vaccine. Owning gold is considered to be a safe haven in times of economic turmoil, able to retain its value when other assets are sinking in value. Other precious metals such as silver, platinum and palladium are also experiencing a swing upward in price, but since these are commodities, their value may drop in a slower economy and reduced industrial demand.
3) The price of oil is above $30 a barrel for the first time in two months as U.S. and other country producers continue to cut production in order to restore the balance of the oil market. The world wide shut downs from the virus has drastically reduced the demand for oil world wide, with the world’s storage capacity quickly filling to maximum capacity, and for a time, producers having to pay to have their oil production removed. While the price of oil is still too low to salvage the shale oil (fracking) business in America, it still bodes well for the U.S. and world economies. Nevertheless, expectations are it will be well into the next year for the oil markets to be fully restored. Oil futures contracts that are due in June, show few signs of a resulting plunge in oil prices as when the May contracts came due and investors had to pay others to take their oil away.
4) Stock market closings for – 18 MAY 20:
Dow 24,597.37 up 911.95 Nasdaq 9,234.83 up 220.27 S&P 500 2,953.91 up 90.21
1) The troubles of the shale oil industry, and their decline, are well known, but another much less know part of these economic troubles is the multitude of suppliers who no longer have someone to sell to. Drilling and producing shale oil is an intensive industrial operation requiring a mired of mechanical and chemical supplies consumed in the operation, and there are a large number of suppliers for these items who depend on the oil industry for their business. With the low oil prices, shale oil companies have been forced to abandon drilling. Since the start of 2019, the oilfield service sector has lost almost 50,000 jobs, with the near future forecast to be even worst. As the oil companies file for bankruptcy, large oil service providers such as Schlumberger, Halliburton and Baker Hughes are left being owed millions of dollars with little hope of recovering those debts.
2) The method of calculating the percentage of unemployment rate may not be an accurate indicator of the present calamity which has struck the American job market because only those looking for work are counted in the calculation. Many of the recent 20 million unemployed are not looking for work, rather they are waiting for their former jobs to return, and so they are not being counted as unemployed in the often quoted percent unemployed number. A better indicator is the ‘employment to population’ ratio, which is the number of people working to the total population. This ratio had been at about 60% in January, but has dropped to 52% in April. But by any measure, the unemployment is a serious problem, that promises to get worst as the recession continues and automation makes inroads in replacing jobs with machines.
3) The large retailers, who were already in trouble before the coronavirus, are now being ravaged by the shutdown with many looking at bankruptcy. Big names such as J.C. Penny, Neiman Marcus and Macy’s have little to no revenues, yet still have their fix cost of operations such as loan debt, rents, utilities and taxes which still must be paid yet sales for department stores have dropped 24% with the sales for clothes down 51%. Their survival is dependent on how much cash reserve they have and when their largest loans mature and must be paid in full. This may herald a major change to the retailing business of America.
4) Stock market closings for – 16 APR 20:
Dow 23,537.68 up 33.33 Nasdaq 8,532.36 up 139.19 S&P 500 2,799.55 up 16.19
Ethiopia’s industrial infrastructure is becoming very well known lately. They have been working closely with the Chinese private sector and government to be asserted as the “Chinese Industrial Revolution” of Africa. Ethiopia has become one of Africa’s diverse economies and it has the second largest population behind Nigeria, at approx 90-95 million people.
Ethiopia is leading the way in infrastructure and in industrial resources; such as the building of roadways, railroads, dams, tunnels, and bridges. They are leading the way into the 21 st Century, by focusing on industrial resources. It has been very clear that investing in industrial resources and infrastructure is a necessity for Africa to sustain it’s growth, with out infrastructure Africa is limited in it’s GDP outreach.
One major project that Ethiopia is currently on path to finish is a $475 milion dollar railway system in conjunction with the Chinese private sector.. This project has been on going but seems to be on the path to be finished soon. Projects such as the railway system, headed by the Chinese Railway Engineering Corp is a big plus for Ethiopia and Sub Sahara Africa, because it transcends the continent to be more dynamic in the 21 st century, as it pushes forward in the development of sustainable infrastructure..