Parallels of Joe McCarthy and Today’s Political Climate and McCarthyism

PBS recently aired an interesting two hour documentary on the political career of Senator Joe McCarthy, which has lessons for us today.

James Lyman BSAE, BSEE, MSSM

PBS, the Public Broadcasting Service, aired a very interesting episode of their American Experience detailing the political career of Senator Joseph McCarthy during his tenure as a U.S. Senator. The Senator has become notorious in history for his hunting of communist in the American academia and government during the early cold war years of the 1950’s. A viewer with some knowledge of today’s political environment will see parallels of those political happenings some seventy years ago with the happenings we see daily on the news. In particular, the technique Senator McCarthy used to advance his political career, which became known as McCarthyism.

The technique of McCarthyism is the practice of making defamatory accusations of impropriety without proper regard for evidence. For McCarthy, this was accusations of communist influence or sympathies, even of actually being a member of the communist party. As he used this technique, he grew more careless with his accusations, telling more glaring falsehoods in trying to sustain his publicity. He would make one false charge, and before it could be ‘fact checked’, he was telling another one to distract from the first one. It was something of a ‘pyramid or ponzy scheme’, and like any financial ponzy scheme, there comes a time when it collapses. This is the first parallel we see with today’s news and the American Experience documentary.

The second parallel is the complacency of the news media, the Fourth Estate of our government. For Senator McCarthy, the press was concerned with increased sales of papers and audiences, so they didn’t press for evidence . . . or concern for the tragedy of destroyed lives by public innuendo and implications with groundless charges, which the Fourth Estate also failed to investigate independently. McCarthy was a good draw of public attention (sales), and so the media failed at their principle responsibility in the government of America. Joe McCarthy was left to operate unchecked because the newspapers were more interested in increased revenues than reporting accurately.

Today, the press, both print and electronic, has little concern for its sales. Instead, they are more focused in creating a new world of their own, a world more isolated from technology where they are not the outsiders looking in. But this is a dream world, an illusion. Like all other illusions, constant attention must be given to prop up that image and guard against anything that can crack the facade of a pretend world. This is the heart of the so called ‘fake news’ we’ve hear so much about in the news. Much of the news media is absorbed in creating their own new world, but in a high technology world where they lack the necessary intellectual skills to understand and make real changes, their only option is to create an illusion of that new world.

But in their preoccupations, they are failing at the Fourth Estate’s principle responsibility- being the major check and balance of a modern government.

Being the counterpoise of corruption!

Without the ‘check’ of always questioning what they, the press, is told- those elected are able to do as they please without regard for those who elected them. Today, much of the press has a desire to build that dream world they want, a world they are comfortable in and understand. Like so many average Americans, they just don’t want to face the realities of the modern technology based world, with them the outsiders looking in. Much of the problems we face today are driven by technology which also drives many of today’s political problems, although to the casual observer, the roll of technology isn’t readily apparent. Living in an alien environment, people yearn for a world of their own, that they understand and are comfortable in. A dream world they want and desire to build, with most of the Fourth Estate people falling into this growing category of people.

In not having the ability to create the world they want and dream of, they strive to create an illusion with various images . . . and therefore strongly resist anything which counters any of those images. They want a world of limited or invisible technologies, where they have the benefits of technologies without having to face or acknowledge them. This in turn leads to word games, the sparing with others by using words. Something which those in the news media excel at, trying to protect their world illusion, something where they have to be careful what they see or acknowledge. That means the avoidance of technically based problems, which leads to un-questioning support of those in the political scene who are like-minded . . . who are also instrumental in creating the illusion.

Consequently, reporters are careful not to ask critical or unsettling questions, while those perceived as being on the opposite side with the world of technology are closely scrutinized, often leading first into the word games then into a campaign to discredit. But it’s not just the reluctance from technology, so many of the media simply don’t have the education necessary to ask the right questions in a high technology world. A case of the blind standing in a darken room unable to go anywhere. Without a real education, you don’t have any real understanding of the world you live in, and without that understanding, you have no real control of the world you live in. You have to just take what is being dished out to you.

The net result is members of congress are reverting back seventy years ago to those methods of Senator Joseph McCarthy. They too have turned to the emotionalism of McCarthyism in trying to preserve the image of the world they long for. But what they have actually done is avoid addressing the serious problems of obsolete people and technology displacement . . . and therefore the future for the millennials and generation-Zs.

Read and understand more at my website

7 January 2020

1) The Dallas based Borden Dairy Co. has filed for bankruptcy, thus becoming the second major U.S. milk seller to file in two months. Founded more than 160 years ago, the nationally renowned dairy company succumb to competitive pressures, declining consumption and falling profits which made it’s debt load unsustainable. Borden’s net loss was $42.4 million dollars for 2019, compared to $14.6 million dollars in 2018.

2) Oil prices continue upwards over fears of a U.S. and Iran clash which could result in oil supply problems. Prices briefly passed $70 dollars a barrel, but some experts predict prices will pass through seventy dollars and even up past eighty dollars as the crises deepens. The oil market was already tightened because of OPEC+ production cuts, so presently there is little margin to take up any slack.

3) New technical problems are emerging with the grounded 737 MAX, which reportedly goes beyond the software problems which started Boeing’s problems last spring. Company and regulators have scrutinized every aspect of the jet and have uncovered potential design flaws. There are concerns over wire bundles in the aircraft’s tail shorting, possible weakness in engine rotors and protection of fuel and fuel lines from lightning strikes. Also, the FAA is considering mandating more simulator training of flight crews.

4) Stock market closings for – 6 JAN 20:

Dow                  28,703.38    up    68.50
Nasdaq               9,071.46    up    50.69
S&P 500              3,246.28    up    11.43

10 Year Yield:    up   at    1.81%

Oil:    down   at    $62.97

Having a Real Understanding of War

Millennials and generation-Z can gain real insight and understanding of war, on my website

James Lyman BSAE, BSEE, MSSM

People think they know and understand war as they watch news report after news report on wars, small and large, across the world. In reality, people have virtually no real understanding, just images and story lines from books, movies and television. War is like any other pandemic . . . if you ever hope to control it, you must first have a firm understanding of it. Chapter
V Basic Theory of War, an excerpt from my book
“America’s Slide into Domestic Terrorism” from the series Technology Monogram for Law Enforcement, provides such an understanding to this very important part of our world.

This excerpt is reproduced on my website both as a web page and as a pdf download file, which can be printed as a hard copy to read at your leisure. This chapter will give you a rational basic understanding about war, in particular the mechanics or process of how wars erupt. Only by gaining a real rational understanding about war, can the Millennials and generation-Zs understand what is happening in the world that in turn is shaping the future of American’s youth. This is a very important subject that everyone needs to have some understanding of.

The book itself, “America’s Slide into Domestic Terrorism” is available by ordering from the book section of’s.

The Golden Rule of Automation

People go about their daily lives never seeing technologies growing to eventually displace them, even when it’s right in front of their noses.

James Lyman BSAE, BSEE, MSSM

I just witnessed such an example this week while picking up a prescription refill. Living two counties away from where I do my weekly shopping, I leave off refills on Wednesday to be picked up the next Wednesday giving the pharmacy a whole week to fill a new bottle with pills. In this one case, I went two weeks not wanting to grocery shop the day before Thanksgiving, so I was just a little perturbed when I went to pick up the order and found nothing. Not only that, but they didn’t even know anything about the refill or what it was suppose to be. I no longer had the empty bottle, therefore didn’t have the refill prescription. Two weeks to do a simple job, which they had been doing continually for years . . . and they flubbed it!

First, a little background of my pharmacy experience, before going on to the main theme of this article. Like other elderly people, my doctor has prescribed several preventive maintenance drugs, and since the HEB that I do my weekly grocery shopping has a pharmacy, I started there. Apparently it isn’t a very pleasant shop to work in, the people behind the counter having a continual scowl, always changing out with new people, but what the hell . . . as long as they got the job done right, who cares? Then after a few years I go to pick up a prescription and they’ve lost the bottle, had no idea what I needed, telling me in essence, ‘spend you own time to straighten up our goof-up!’ And I did by moving my business a mile down the road to a CVS pharmacy.

The people behind the counter were the same dowdy people I found at HEB, people constantly changing, seeming a new face every week. It was about a month or so when I get a phone call from CVS saying one of my prescriptions needed to be renewed and told me to call my doctor and have it done. Instead, I moved my business back up the road to Target’s pharmacy who I then did business with for several years. The pharmacist and his assistant where good conscience people who quickly knew me and I them. They took care of business without any troubles or goof-ups. A couple of years ago, CVS bought out Target’s pharmacy system, and after my previous experience with CVS, I was a little fearful, but with the same people behind the counter, it was business as usual.

Then a couple of months ago, the people who were running such a tight ship were transferred to another Target-CVS which was having a lot of problems, and so new people were brought in. I was back to seeing different people each week I went in. Then after Thanksgiving, I went to pickup that prescription only to find they didn’t have it and had no idea what drug it was. Back to square one! But this time technology had come to my rescue with a new Amazon company called PillPack, who claimed to use modern technology automation to package my medications in small envelopes with the correct dosage. So . . . I signed up!

This is what happens so often. Anytime there’s a problem with workers, management goes looking for machines to do the job. Doesn’t matter if it’s the employee’s fault, the employers fault, societies, the governments, everyone’s fault or no one’s fault. The solution is to find technology to get around whatever the problem is, and more often than not, a machine can be found to solve it. Unbelievable as it might sound, people are just diddly-bopping around without a care in the world, oblivious that they are constantly in competition with machines for their jobs . . . having a casual gay abandonment about their jobs that defies description. No one seems to realize what is happening. Oblivious to the Golden Rule of Automation, despite it having been around since the seventies or so.

Golden Rule of Automation

If you want something done right . . . get rid of the human!

Unbeknownst to most, the Golden Rule has governed the job market for the last several decades, shaping the destiny of both young and old. Nevertheless, that rule continues to cut great swaths through the ranks of American jobs, usually leaving behind people with less opportunity for re-employment with the pay and compensation equal to what they had been getting. A slide down the slippery slope towards those ‘tent city’ folks we seen so many pictures of on the news. And once lost, people stand in bewilderment, puzzling over why the world no longer wants or needs them.

Needless to say, this isn’t a good time for people to exercise or accept non-performance in their jobs, no matter for what the reason. This is what I find so infuriating about people (workers) standing behind the counter, like the ones at CVS-Target, who seemingly care nothing about their jobs being lost to machines because of their negligence. All those machines are like sharks silently circling around, and when someone dribbles a few drops of blood in the water, those sharks instantly smell it and silently zoom in to attack a job field, leaving no ‘survivors’. Right now, we have a benign environment of jobs and economy that is being squandered away instead of facing the problem when there might still be things that can be done, starting with employees being more conscious of the Golden Rule and striving to avoid those ‘drops of blood’ being dripped in the waters of their career fields. The net result is people never see technologies developing which can take their jobs, that can shuffle them out to the sidelines to work at lesser jobs for less pay . . . if they are luck.

And if you don’t think automation is a big concern, just watch the school teachers and truck drivers . . . because they’re the next ones out!

13 December 2019

1) The Trump administration has reached a trade deal in principle with China. Reportedly, the United States has offered to cut existing tariffs on Chinese goods by as much as 50%, while also suspending new tariffs that are scheduled to become effective on Sunday. This is a bid to secure a “Phase One” trade deal. The 50% tariff reduction would be on $375 billion dollars of Chinese goods, and $160 billion dollars in goods scheduled to become effective on the fifteenth of December.

2) The natural gas boom has fizzled because of a glut in U.S. gas with sinking profits. Hydraulic fracturing has uncorked a lucrative new source of natural gas supply, with billions of dollars poured into export terminals to ship gas to China and Europe. But the drop in gas prices has caused a bust with energy companies shutting down drilling rigs, filing for bankruptcy protection and slashing the value of shale fields. The supply of gas has far outstripped demand and the over supply likely to remain for several more years.

3) The number of applications for unemployment jumped to more than a two year high last week, but experts don’t think this signals a coming round of layoffs. Claims are up by 49,000 for a seasonally adjusted 252,000 for the week ending the seventh of December. The previous week, claims had dropped to 203,000, which was a seven month low. In the same period, the government reported adding 266,000 new jobs to the economy.

4) Stock market closings for – 12 DEC 19:

Dow          28,132.05    up    220.75
Nasdaq       8,717.32    up      63.27
S&P 500      3,168.57    up      26.94

10 Year Yield:    up   at     1.90%

Oil:    up   at    $59.48

12 December 2019

1) The U.S. Federal Reserve elected not to raise interest rates, thereby signaling borrowing cost will most likely remain unchanged, and they expect moderate economic growth and low unemployment to continue into the presidential election year. The Feds left the benchmark overnight lending rate at its current range of 1.5% to 1.75% with 13 of the 17 fed policymakers supporting no change.

2) American consumer prices rose more than expected in November, giving credence to the Fed’s decision not to raise interest rates. The consumer price index increased 0.3% last month, in part from households paying more for gas. In the twelve months through November, the CPI (Consumer Price Index) increased 2.3% after a similar gain in October. Gasoline prices rose 1.1% after rebounding 3.7% in October.

3) China is accused of dumping cheap mattresses which is disrupting the U.S. bedding industry, in an attempt to gain a foothold in American markets. In recent years dozens of Chinese companies have been flooding the market with super low priced mattresses, selling them to retailers for as little as $18 each. In turn, the mattresses are sold under a wide range of labels at national chains, online businesses, local retailers and mattress stores. In recent years the industry has been troubled by disruption including thousands of job losses, multiple bankruptcies and hundreds of store closures. In 2018, about five million mattresses were shipped to the U.S. from China.

4) Stock market closings for – 11 DEC 19:

Dow           27,911.30    up    29.58
Nasdaq       8,654.05    up     37.87
S&P 500      3,141.63    up       9.11

10 Year Yield:    down   at    1.79%

Oil:    down   at    $58.80

4 December 2019

1) Volkswagen’s diesel emissions scandal raised it’s ugly head again with the German public prosecutors raiding VW Wolfsburg headquarters looking for documents. The scandal broke in 2015, but there are still questions about newer engines which succeeded the diesel engines with fraudulent testing for emissions. So far, Volkswagen’s cheating test has cost the company about $33 billion dollars in fines, vehicle refits and legal costs.

2) Richmond California is moving to ban the export of coal through their port facilities citing coal dust pollution in parts of the town. Coming from western states such as Wyoming, the coal is shipped to China, India and other far east countries still making heavy use of coal fired electric generation plants. However, the city may be facing legal challenges against the city ban. Richmond, Stockton, Los Angeles and Long Beach are now the only major west coast ports that handle coal.

3) President Trump has suggested that the trade war with China could drag on for some time, that it might be better to wait until after the 2020 election to sign a trade agreement. The next deadline is 15 December when 15% levies on an additional $160 billion dollars in Chinese goods. The news cause another drop in the stock markets, in addition to the drop from news about metal tariffs on Brazil and Argentina.

4) Stock market closings for – 3 DEC 19:

Dow              27,502.81    down    280.23
Nasdaq           8,520.64    down      47.34
S&P 500          3,093.20    down      20.67

10 Year Yield:    down   at    1.71%

Oil:    up   at    $55.99

Obsolete- You and Everyone Else

It’s no longer the hourly factory worker, it’s now the six figure income people and everyone else who’s now at risk.

James Lyman BSAE, BSEE, MSSM

When we speak of obsolete people and jobs being replaced by machines, we always think of the poor factory worker standing on an assembly line, but never about other kinds of jobs, especially our own jobs. Since I was a boy, factory workers have been displace by technology, so it is easy to see why everyone thinks of obsolescence only in terms of the hourly factory worker. But nothing could be further from the truth. That displacement by machines now includes virtually everyone from the highest incomes down to minimum wage, including doctors and lawyers.

No one is immune from obsolescence!

This became glaring apparent with the recession starting in 2008. There were frequent news stories about middle corporate executives, with six figure incomes, who were laid off, who had gone first for months . . . then years without any prospects for rehiring. These were people who previously could find a new job in days to weeks, then suddenly . . . nothing. And none could understand why the sudden change, why suddenly no one wanted them. The answer was technology. They had been displace by new technologies that made them obsolete.

So how could that be? These were people with multiple degrees, high skill levels, talented people who were quite successful in their careers, jobs that were complex and difficult to do. So how could they ever be replaced by machines? Simple. With the onset of the recession, businesses were stressed and sought relief by reorganizing themselves, and they found that by using various technologies, they were able to reorganize with fewer managers and executives needed, but were still able to get the job done. Suddenly, there was a surplus of these people, a large surplus that the job market couldn’t absorbed even after several years.

When faced with the prospects of being replaced with a machine, people think in terms of an iron-man robot sitting down at their desk, as the human is lead off to the front door by security. This is the first type of technology displacement- Direct displacement, but there are two other types. The second is Oblique displacement where a machine is used by a person to do the work of several other workers, while the third is Indirect displacement. This is where many technologies displace capable people who in turn compete for the jobs of those being indirectly displaced.

Bottom line . . . you don’t need some iron-man robot to replace someone with technology.

So just what do obsolete people look like? You’ve seen them, if not in person, then certainly on the news. They are those people living in tents or makeshift shelters in continuous lines on city sidewalks. New York, Austin, Los Angles and San Francisco to name just a few. In the sliding down of the ‘economic hill’, people are being pushed out of the social-economic system, and those tents is where it all ends. As water and sanitation problems become critical for public health, cities are looking for ways to address the problem with their already limited resources. Many are looking at building ‘tiny houses’ of 100 to 200 square feet each, acquiring land areas for the houses, not realizing they are taking the first steps in establishing formal reservations.

A reservation is an artificial environment to warehouse people.

Keep in mind, these ‘tent cities’ of obsolete people are growing, and most likely will continue growing at an even faster rate. With another recession . . . another down turn of the economy, businesses will again look for ways to cut cost, to remain profitable, and that means machines replacing people. With that, more people will slide further down the social economic system with lower paying and less desirable jobs, to finally join those living in tents. There’s no sudden change from being a asset to society to being obsolete, it’s just not as apparent to everyone as you slide down that steep hill of technology, but still you’re obsolete having little to offer in the twenty-first century. The only real difference between the ‘hill sliders’ and the homeless, is the obsolescence becomes readily apparent and so can no longer be denied.

Other obsolete people are the young in groups like ANTIFA and their supposed nemesis of white supremeness right wingers such as the Proud Boys. Neither have a strong well defined political philosophy, rather they are antagonist using each other to lash out at … so to vent their frustrations, angers and resentments on each other without any real objectives. The problem for both is their alienation from failing to advance technologically, and then trying to live in a high technology society they don’t like, often fear, don’t understand and really don’t belong too.

If you want to understand what is happening today, just look back to the nineteenth century and the Native Americans. It’s the exact same thing again. A people too technologically behind to assimilate and become contributors in an advance society. The Indians faced a tsunami from the leading edge of nineteenth century technology as it built up, crested above their heads, and then came crashing down on them. And like a real tsunami they were unable get out of the way and escape!

A Corollary of War- A technologically advance people will displace a lesser people.

This is what you’re seeing today, what you are living through. Their real value to a technological society diminishing and so they are slowly being pushed out to finally become those homeless people living in tents. People who have run out their ‘technology string’ and are left with no other place to go and with no future. Read more at

THE CAST POD EP #9 feat. Xiomara (Youtube Edition) GLAMOUR COME UP………….

We Are Back folks, but it’s cold outside, it’s a cold world ol’ girl…….. #TheCastPodcast, LIVE & DIRECT

Bizman Bass (Sammy BE) @Ecofire, Luisa L. @LuisaModels, & Jon Da Don Sterling @TheDramaBlock. We are #TheCast don’t get it F**ked up, course not…. This momentous episode; #TheCast had a chance to interview a lovely up and coming model. This young woman is definitely on her grind, in a never ending modeling industry, whether it’s entertainment, media, fashion, social media modeling; her work ethic and her work accumen is undeniable. We had the incredible pleasure in interviewing XIOMARA (aka Xiomara The Model aka Miss Random); and y’all know what it is when #TheCast comes on the set….

We most definitely shut the interviews down (as we should)…….Y’all Already Know……. Xiomara came on the show, to discuss her trials and tribulations working in modeling, and she came to explain the hussles & motivation needed, in trying to make it to the top of an industry, that is constantly changing. The fashion and modeling industries, two forces hard to reckon with; it is what it is….. This is an episode that you don’t want to miss (@ all costs)#TheCast

“WE ALL HAVE A VOICE & OPINION. IT’S JUST HOW U USE YOURS”….. As always, Be Bless, Stay Bless, God Bless


1) (Sammy BE)

2) (Luisa L.)

3) (Economic & Finance Blog)

4) (Podcast/Online Show)

5)…Nlb2VRfDCQ/videos (EFR.Tv Youtube)

6) (Real Estate Investment)

7) (Financial Trading Website)

The Coming of the Robot News Reporters

Over the years, the news media, both print and electronic, have lost large numbers of jobs to technology, and yet they face another round of job loses to machines.

James Lyman BSAE, BSEE, MSSM

Saturday, the 6 of December, 1941, the world was looking good for the American people. The economy was finally starting to look up, jobs were opening up, plus people were starting to have a little money to spend. The long depression seemed to be finally coming to an end, everything getting better for the people of the United States.

Then a day later, it all came crashing down!

Almost everyone was shocked and stunned that America was suddenly at war. The Japanese had unexpectedly bombed us at Pearl Harbor. Almost no one expected a war, despite ample warning signs and the multitude of world events for the last several years. Complete surprise! And why? Because people face difficult and complex problems by ‘denial’. First stage of cancer is denial. That’s exactly what the people of America did for the months leading up to Pearl Harbor, the net result was the Bataan Death March, the daily dying at Camp O’Donnell, then Camp Cabanatuan, then the six months of unholy hell of fighting and dying on Guadalcanal . . . all because America was so unprepared. Despite the mirid of signs and indications of a coming war, America lived a denial and ignored the coming of a distasteful unwanted war. So we only succeeded in bringing untold additional pain, suffering, misery and death to thousands . . . tens of thousands or more of our kinsmen than if we had simply stood up and faced the coming storm and prepared for it.

This is the price paid for denial.

For the last few years I have written about the problems being faced by the millennials and generation-Z from technology continually taking their jobs leaving them with lesser and lower paying jobs . . . or no job at all! I’ve continually tried to interest those in the news media, both print and electronic, of the growing problem Americans face. But to no avail! I face the ‘denial’ phenomena as reporters avoid one of the biggest stories unfolding before them, careful not to recognize what is happening and fearing what might happen to them. Which is rather ironic, since the news media, both print and electronic, have over the decades experienced tremendous reductions of jobs once needed to gather, process and distribute the news. While in college, I worked as an electronics technician at a television station and witnessed the coming of technologies which whittled away jobs. Indeed, I almost got caught by one of those emerging technologies, which nearly capsized my plans for returning to college.

So having had their career fields devastated by a myriad of new technologies, you’d think news reporters might have some interest about the future, because it isn’t over yet! Many of the components are all ready here. IBM’s new AI technology Watson of Jeopardy fame, is able to follow developing stories on the internet and wire services to collect relevant information. There are now several software packages for writing stories and scripts given relevant information, so a program could write and edit scripts for radio or television news announcers. Speech synthesizer software is very well develop that can read the scripts on air. That takes care of radio, but more is needed for television.

You may have seen recent news reports of Deepfake, a new sophisticated computer program that takes the image of a person and superimposes a talking face to give a fake statement or speech. This would allow models to be hired, filmed and a tape library built up where a model’s image would have a face with speech superimposed to give a news caster reading the news stories . . . except doing it perfectly every time. Shades of the sci-fi movie ‘Looker’ generating electronic digital workers at the press of a button. A cavalcade of ‘super sexy empty headed’ news casters tirelessly working 24/7 and reading the news perfectly, and this would work since news is now just another arena of entertainment.

        Just like at Pearl Harbor, everyone is careful not to look and see.  
              Just wait for the hammer to fall! And hope another job can be found . . .

The mechanization of news reporting isn’t something new. The Linotype machine to replace human typesetters revolutionized typesetting in 1884, so far fewer people were required to print daily newspapers. That mechanization has continued relentlessly, with recent stories predicting there will be no daily newspapers in ten years. The daily papers were first displaced by radio news, then television, and now the internet, all the while workers are given their pink slips and replaced with machines. The same process is ongoing for the other news media. All this and more, yet the news media is surprisingly quiet about machines replacing them, or for that matter, any other workers in America. You’d think the possibility of losing your job would spark interest in knowing how you might be replaced . . . yet nothing.

Complex difficult problems don’t solve themselves- they just get worst. Except it’s not getting worst just for the various news services, it’s getting worst for everyone else too. And without the Fourth Estate (news reporting) leading all the rest of Americans to face and address this problem, nothing will get done. Those we elect to govern us will continue their endless ‘monkey fighting’ and avoid this problem, leaving the rest of us to be hung out to dry.